MONDAY, 11 June: At a press conference in Singapore this morning, ahead of the historic meeting between Kim Jong-un and Donald Trump, Beatrice Fihn, Executive Director of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), unveiled a 5-Step ‘Roadmap’ for the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.
“Our roadmap answers the question at the heart of negotiations,” said Fihn. “How do North and South Korea denuclearize in a way that is verifiable, irreversible and won’t unravel?”
Experts agree that even a limited nuclear engagement on the Korean Peninsula could involve the use of as many as 30 nuclear warheads, causing massive loss of life and cataclysmic environmental damage in North and South Korea, as well as the entire Northeast Asia region. Any solution to the crisis requires all parties to reject nuclear weapons outright on humanitarian grounds, through the existing Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW).
The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons is the central point of the denuclearization plan. Joining the Treaty would oblige North Korea to immediately cease any development, production, and manufacture of nuclear weapons. The plan also calls on South Korea, who has not had nuclear weapons on their soil since the early 1990s, to also comply with the TPNW, by formally rejecting the United States’ extended nuclear deterrence ‘guarantee.’
For its part, the US would need to take a practical step towards denuclearization by finally following through on its commitment to ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). The CTBT provides the security and certainty needed to verify that no nuclear testing will take place anywhere in the world. But it cannot come into effect until it has been ratified by the US and 7 other nations.
“Denuclearizing through ICAN’s proposed plan would reinforce efforts to formally end the Korean War and build a lasting peace,” said Akira Kawasaki of ICAN’s International Steering Group.
ICAN is a coalition of non-governmental organizations in over one hundred countries, that was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2017 for its “groundbreaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition” of nuclear weapons. The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) was adopted by 122 nations at the United Nations on July 7, 2017.
ICAN worked in secret consultation with over 30 experts from the international sector, nuclear agencies, academia, humanitarian organizations and the diplomatic corps to develop a clear, practical and realistic plan for the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula. Several organizations and individuals provided confidential input as they lacked an official mandate for such an undertaking, but felt it was important a plan be presented leading into the historic talks in Singapore.
The full Korean Peninsula Denuclearization Framework is available here: http://www.icanw.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/ICAN-Korean-Peninsula-Denuclearization-Roadmap.pdf
Latest ICAN updates from Singapore can be found here: http://www.icanw.org/singapore-summit/
Message from Korean hibakushato the negotiators in Singapore is here: https://www.facebook.com/peaceboat/videos/1947869931912325/